This post on the history of Larchmont, NY has been provided by the Larchmont personal injury attorneys at Banville Law.
Larchmont, NY: Before European Settlement
Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the area that is now called Larchmont was inhabited by the Siwanoy, an Algonquin tribe. The Siwanoy were mainly hunters and gatherers, however, some planted maize, beans, and squash.
The villages they lived in were temporary, with large groups making regular moves depending on the season. For example, during the fish spawning season, the Siwanoy left winter camps for coastal villages.
The Dutch arrived in the early 1600s to explore the area and in 1661, an Englishman named John Richbell traded goods and metals to the Siwanoy for the land in the Larchmont area. There was some dispute over the ownership of the land in the following decades but in 1700, Samuel Palmer obtained the leases and eventually the full title to the land that is now the Village of Larchmont. However, Larchmont still did not exist.
Where Did Larchmont Get Its Name?
The “Manor House” is Larchmont’s oldest and most historic home. Built in 1797 by Peter Jay Munro, the home was placed on the land Munro had purchased from Samual Palmer and his family. The home was in an excellent location except for the fact that the back faced the Boston Post Road and quite a bit of dust was stirred up on that road during dry months. To combat the spread of the dust and to block the view from the road, Munro’s gardener imported Scottish trees known as “larch”.
It was these trees, planted along the road, which eventually gave the village its name.
Larchmont Becomes A Village
It was in 1891 that the Village of Larchmont was incorporated. The area was a resort and a welcome retreat for the wealthy looking to take a break from the city. Many famous individuals have made their home in Larchmont, including Joan Rivers, Douglas Fairbanks, and Maurice Barrymore.
Today the population of Larchmont has one of the highest household incomes in the entire United States, with a median income of $169,000. The population is small, with less than 6,000 residents.